– Fuck! Rumor, bro, did you find a hut on NG?
– Yes, everything is fine. Will you be with gf?
– No, her chsv has risen, she’s agitating xs why.
– Lol, then go yourself.
Such correspondence on Facebook or Telegram is much more common than you might think. Because a person is by nature a very lazy creature and writing a couple of extra letters in a message to a friend is like death. Especially if your interlocutor is exactly the same.
And now let’s translate gibberish into human language. Suddenly not everyone understood what was written here.
– Hello! Listen, brother, have you found a place to celebrate the New Year?
– Yes, everything is fine. Will you be with your girlfriend?
– No, she’s got some jerks, she’s angry for some reason.
– Haha, then come yourself.
In personal correspondence, users of social networks very rarely adhere to all the rules of the language. Let’s just say that many people deliberately ignore them. After all, why waste your time when a whole sentence can be replaced with a short abbreviation?
In this article, we will look at popular abbreviations in Russian and English, which are often used in social networks.
How does it work?
Abbreviations do not appear suddenly. Because simply shortening the message is not enough – it is important that the interlocutor decrypts it correctly.
The most common abbreviations used are:
Instead of introductory and general phrases and words that are often used in communication:
KMK – it seems to me;
HZ – hell knows;
Very good – very;
Spock – good night.
Instead of voluminous semantic phrases, for which there are already well-known English-language abbreviations:
IMHO – from the English. IMHO (In my humble opinion) – In my humble opinion;
Rofl, roflit – from the English. ROFL (Rolling on the floor laughing) – Rolling on the floor laughing;
WTF? – from English WTF? (What the fuck?) – What the fuck?
OMG – from the English. OMG (Oh my god) – Oh my god
In general, the use of abbreviations allows you to reduce the length of the message by 1.5-3 times without losing the meaning.
Compared to the English abbreviations, Russians nervously smoke on the sidelines. Because they are often an arbitrary set of letters and numbers, more like a cipher:
g2g, hv a d8 with my gf, cul8r
Often, only a few understandable words come across, and everything else is an incomprehensible mess. But only at first glance it is incomprehensible, because this phrase is translated quite simply:
Gotta go, have a date with my girlfriend, see you later.
I have to run, I have a date with my girlfriend. See you!
An abbreviated sentence takes 30 characters, and a full one – 56. Almost half the text is a pretty good result.
English abbreviations use the consonance of the names of English letters and numbers, which replace words in part or in full.
B4 – before;
4U – for you;
BT – but;
C – see;
B – be;
D8 – date;
GR8 – great.
Sometimes one abbreviation means a full-fledged semantic cell.
TGIF – Thank god it’s friday. – Thank God it’s Friday.
XOXO – Kisses and hugs. Unexpected, but true. The X stands for the lips of two people and the O stands for a hug.
? 4U – I have a question for you . – I have a question for you.
There is a fundamental difference between Russian and English abbreviations. If Russians mainly use simple abbreviations – that is, they shorten words and phrases, then English ones often replace them with sound identification – as in the example with d8 – date.
If you’re learning English as a second language, abbreviations like these may seem like a daunting topic to you. The only way to properly deal with this is to communicate in chats with natives, who themselves often use such abbreviations. In short, look for friends in the USA – according to the statistics of teachers of the online English school EnglishDom, this is where modern slang and abbreviations are used most often.
You can get inspired by the study of abbreviations and slang, but you can really learn them only in practice. Many of the abbreviations that were widely used during the spread of SMS are simply not relevant in social networks.
To understand the slang and abbreviations that are actually used by native speakers, you need to fully immerse yourself in the language environment. The difficulty is that communication is carried out exclusively in text mode. Therefore, you need to have a high level of perception of the English text. But there is good news as well. EnglishDom experts argue that it is specifically worth learning only well-known abbreviations like ASAP (as soon as possible – as soon as possible) or IMHO (in my humble opinion – in my humble opinion). The rest of the cunning tricks are fairly easy to learn in real communication.
Who uses social media acronyms most often?
It is worth emphasizing here that the vast majority of abbreviations are used only in personal correspondence with friends.
There are, of course, a small number of generally accepted abbreviations like healthy lifestyle – a healthy lifestyle, but there are quite a few of them. If you write to your business partner “SUP, HRU?” (What’s up, how are you?), He definitely won’t appreciate it.
So, abbreviations are used – unexpectedly – by people from 10 to 40 years old. As for students and schoolchildren, everything is clear here – they love everything new and unusual. People 25+ for the most part just save their time and are lazy to write big messages.
If you look by profession, then about 75% of all people 25+ who use such abbreviations work in the field of IT, digital and marketing. There are absolutely no surprises here.
Marketing slang is generally a rather strange combination of anglicisms and abbreviations that replace long definitions in Russian. Partially slang words save time in conversation or correspondence: for example, “workflow” – “goals, tasks and prescribed stages of their implementation.” Sometimes slang phrases have much more semantic meanings than literary counterparts: “fakap” is not just a mistake or failure, but a serious jamb of a specialist or even a whole department, which can negatively affect the entire project. Interestingly, marketing and IT almost entirely consists of Englishisms – there are very few words and phrases with Russian sources.
The generally accepted abbreviations in Russian are several times less than in English. The thing is that the Russian language does not allow you to create abbreviations using sound correspondences in the names of letters and numbers. We only use direct and letter-based abbreviations.
Experts of the EnglishDom online school of English have compiled a small dictionary of Russian and English abbreviations that are most often used.
A short dictionary of Russian and English abbreviations in social networks
2DAY – today – today
2MORO – tomorrow – tomorrow
2NYT – tonight – tonight
2U – to you – to you / to you
4E – forever – forever
4U – for you – for you
ADIH – another day in hell – another day in hell
ASAP – as soon as possible – as soon as possible / as quickly as possible
B – to be – to be
B4 – before – before before
B4N – bye for now – see you
BBL – to be back later – come back later
BC – because – because
BF – boyfriend – boyfriend, boyfriend
BK – back – back
BRB – to be right back – be back soon
BRO – brother – brother
BT – but – but
BTW – by the way – by the way
C – to see – see
CUL – see you later – see you later
CUL8R – see you later – see you later
CWOT – complete waste of time – a waste of time
D8 – date – date
DNR – dinner – dinner
EZ – easy – simple
F2F / FTF – face to face – face to face
F8 – fate – fate
FYI – for your information – for your information
GF – girlfriend – girl
GR8 – great – excellent
HAND – have a nice day – have a nice day
HB2U – happy birthday to you – happy birthday
HIFW – how I feel when – how I feel when
HOLS – holidays – holidays, vacations
HRU – how are you – how are you?
HV – to have – to have
ICBW – it could be worse – could be worse
IDC – I don’t care – I don’t care
ILY – I love you – I love you
IMU – I miss you – I miss you
JK – just kidding – just kidding
LOL – laughing out loud – laughing out loud
TIME – tears in my eyes – tears in my eyes
TNTL – trying not to laug h – trying not to laugh
WYWH – wish you were here – sorry you’re not here
7th – family
DR – birthday
Shl – P.S. (English letters on Russian keyboard layout)
LOL – LOL
NG – New Year
birthday – birthday
IMHO – IMHO
kmk – as it seems to me
kst – by the way
liu – love
MB – maybe
we can – maybe
very – very
thank you – thank you
pzhlst – please
plz – please (from English – please)
am – please
priv – hello
ck – how many
slu – listen
sun – sun (affectionate treatment)
Spock – Good Night
ATP – thanks
phone – phone
xs – hell knows
chz – through
ucha – now
yap – ash tree stump
I love you – I love you
The course “Effective SMM: Promotion of Projects in Social Networks” is designed for those who want to master a new profession of an SMM specialist. You will be able to independently create a plan for publishing content, learn how to launch advertising campaigns and analyze their results. Bring leads and sales from social networks to customers.
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